Melaka was founded between 1376 and 1400 by a Sumatran Prince named Parameswara. He also gave this town its name Melaka. Under his leadership, Malacca thrived as a prosperous trading post attracting merchants and traders from all over the world. Alfonso d'Albuquerque, a Portuguese leader came in to conquer Melaka in the year of 1511 and remain as a colony for 130 years before the turning into a Dutch colony in the year of 1641. By 1795, Melaka was taken over by the British and Melaka, Singapore together with Penang became known as the Straits Settlement, where strategic trading ports were established. The state of Melaka finally obtained independence in 1957.
Today, one will find many remnants of Melaka's glorious past dated back more than 500 years ago. On 7 July 2008, Melaka was officially listed as world heritage site by UNESCO. Trails of well preserved historical monuments and architecture of fallen colonies can still be vividly seen all within a stone throw away from each other. Apart from the intricate historical landmarks, Melaka receives 7.4 million tourists each year from all over the world making it immensely rich in culture and truly cosmopolitan.
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